The principle of operation of WS water conditioner

The WS water conditioner prevent limescale deposition from calcium, magnesium, and carbonate ions dissolved in the water on the inner surface of pipes, heat exchangers, and heating surfaces of boilers and water heaters.

In order to achieve this, the device forms the so-called clusters - amorphous (non-rigid) bunches of randomly distributed ions in the water. When water is heated in a boiler or heat exchanger, the scale formation occurs primarily due to clusters. Thus, the device actually stimulates scale formation. However, it occurs in the volume of water away from the walls of the pipes and equipment.

This creates many scale crystals from 5 to 20 microns (5-10 times less than the thickness of a human hair) in size. The density of the crystals is approximately equal to the density of the water, so they are not sediment, but, as it were, remain suspended (literally "hanging" in it). Water flow moves them out of the boiler or heat exchanger.

Structurally, the WS water conditioner is a pulse generator of variable frequencies, controlled by a high-speed microcontroller. The device generates exponentially decaying sinusoid-shaped pulses. Pulses are generated by packages and transmitted by a conduit having an annular magnetic core made of ferrite plates.

The principle of operation of WS water conditioner

Formation of clusters

When working on a metal pipe, the WS water softener induces an electromagnetic field on it. Wherein, the pipeline’s metal acquires its own (secondary) electromagnetic field.

The electromagnetic field of the device is aimed across the pipe’s axis(radially). It pulls free electrons off the pipe metal from the inner to the outer surfaces. As a result, electrons are depleted from metal of the inner surface of the pipe. It acquires a weak positive electric charge.

Calcium and magnesium ions have a positive electric charge by nature. The repulsion of same charged particles does not allow calcium and magnesium ions to attract to the surfaces of pipes and equipment.

When mounted on a plastic pipe, the electromagnetic field of the device penetrates through the pipe material. The effect is more local, but still sufficient for water clusters formation.

 

As noted above, the WS water softener emits pulses by packages. The pulse frequency within the package is the same, but differs from the pulse frequency in the next package. Parameters of the pulses have a frequency close to water resonance frequencies and common aqueous solutions. They are chosen so that structures (temporary bonds between water molecules) form in the water and are destroyed by an ensuing pulse packet.

The repeated formation and destruction of structures in the water is accompanied by a phenomenon similar to weak cavitation. It shifts calcium, magnesium, carbonate and other ions dissolved in water. The impact is more intense than under the single-pulses treatment. As a result, more clusters form in the water and, accordingly, more suspended microcrystals appear. According to laboratory tests, 15-20% more.

Was got a patent for this method of water treatment.

 

Design

The WS water conditioner comprises a self-test unit and a digital display, which displays the current output value and the temperature inside the body.

It is ferrite type water conditioner. The device has ferrites made from special ferroalloy that minimizes the energy loss during power transmission into the water. Device has emitter with an original design, allowing us to improve treatment efficiency when working on plastic pipes.

The dismountable magnetic core allows the installation of the WS water conditioner over the pipe, without cutting the pipe. The mounting location - on a main pipeline or on a return pipeline (depending on application) at some distance before the protecting equipment.

From the mounting location, the impact is distributed along the pipeline and then along the tube plate of a boiler, heat exchanger, along the heat exchanger plates, the heating elements of electric water heater, and gradually decays.

Internal corrosion inhibition.

Internal corrosion inhibition by the WS water conditioner is based on the passivation effect.

As described above, the electromagnetic field of the device pulls free electrons off the metal from the inner to the outer pipe surface, which creates an electron-depleted layer on the inside surface of the pipe (that is why it becomes weakly positively charged).

With a lack of free electrons, the metal becomes weakly susceptible (passive) to corrosion. It oxidizes worse and behaves like a noble metal. This phenomenon is called passivation. It is present while the device is operating and disappears when powered off.